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Cappadocia Avanos

Avanos, brought to life by the  Kizilirmak  River


Avaos rests against the mountain İğdiş Dağı, divided i two by the Kızılırmak River which passes through it. This district in the center of  mystical Cappadocia has an atmosphere that is all its own. Avanos was an important transit point during the Hittite Era, became oe of the settlements of repute in the  region during the Roman Era, and later again became an important transit point during the Byzantine and Seljuk eras. The oldest known name of the city is Venessa, which means ‘city’. The Evranosoğulları Beyliği, who settled there during the Seljuk Era, later gave their  name to the settlement, which was corrupted to  Avanos over the course of time. As the historian Strabon related in his renowned  Geographica, which he wrote between the latter 1st. Century BC. and the beginning of the 1st. Century AD., Avanos or Venessa was the third largest settlement in  the area after kayseri (Caesarea) and  Kemerhisar.

Located 18 kilometers from Ürgüp and Göreme, the most important tourist destinations in the region. With its pottery, eleagnus [iğde] and apricot trees, its old houses, history and geography, the most distinguising feature of this pleasant Anatolian town is the Kızılırmak River that has flowed unceasingly for millions of years. The  Kızılırmak has the greatest capacity of any of Turkey’s rivers; while it struggles to cope with pollution on the one hand, on the other it contiues to bestow its bounty on the fields of beets, potatoes, onions and fruit orchards.

Avanos pottery


Ceramisc, pottery and carpet weaving have been themost important sources of revenue fort his settlement for centuries. Avanos is the location of one of Anatolia’s most distinctive pottery workshops. The present-day residents of Avanos, like their predecessors since Hittite times, continue to make pottery with the red clay removed from the bed of the Kızılırmak River, using simple foot-powered wheels and their handicraft to create clay forms that are oe more beautiful than the other. The shores of the Kızılırmak are full of pottery workshops, and almost all of the potters are cotinuing the work of their fathers.


Cec Tumulus preserves its secrets


The Çeç Tumulus, oe of the largest tumuluses in Anatolia, is the most famous oe among the various tumuleses betwee Avanos and Özkonak, and it is the oe we are least informed about. This artificial hill 32 meters in height is made of broken Stone and resembles a small mountain; it is probable that it contains the grave of one of the Cappadocian kings, but it has not bee excavated or resaarched up until this time. Some researchers maintain that the Çeç Tumulus, which does not belong to Phrygian or Lydian civilizations that were famous for their tumuleses and is not known by whom it was built, could be a sacred place. It is a smaller versio of the NNemrut Tumulus in the vicinity of Adıyaman, and traces of a road with stairs can stil be seen extending to its peak. The Çeç Tumulus, which has a majestic form that can compete with other great king tombs, can be approached by car up to a certain point, after which it is necessary to continue on foot.

Turkey Cappadocia Avanos pottery