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Ephesus Akropolis

Ephesus Akropolis

The small hill north of the Byzantine bath complex must have been the akropolis. The last excavations here uncovered a wall that enclosed the upper part of this hill. The wall is older than the city walls built under Lysimachos. This was most probably the previous akropolis. No architectural elements were found during investigations on the north and west slopes. The sea probably reached up to this point then. The first harbor, the Koressos harbor, must have been located here.

On this akropolis, the foundation walls of a polygonal structure, dating into the seventh or sixth centuries BCE, were found. It is thus the oldest monumental structure in Ephesus. The researchers are stili probing about in the dark to discover the function of this building. This may be the Temple of Apollo that the founder of Ephesus, Androklos, the son of Kodros, built out of gratitude after he had killed the wild boar here.