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Ephesus Mazaeus and mithridates gates

Ephesus Mazaeus and mithridates gates

This gate from the first century BCE is located just next to the Library of Celsus, to the south of the agora. This monumental structure has three arched passageways; thick pillars, the upper reaches of which are richly decorated, carry the arches. It features the architectural style popular during the reign of Augustus.
 “This gate was built by Mazaeus in honor of his patrons the emperor Augustus, son of the divinized caesar, the high priest, twelve times consul, twenty-times tribüne, and Livia, the spouse of Caesar Augustus; and by Mithridates, in honor of his patrons, Marcus Agrippa, the son of Lucius, three times consul, emperor, six times tribune, and Julia, the daughter of Augustus Caesar.”

Mazaeus and Mithridates wcrc slaves of Augustus and his family. Because of their good character and industry, their owners granted them freedom, and they settled in Ephesus. There, they worked as merchants and amassed considerable wealth. With the permission of Augustus, they built this gate to express their gratitude (4-3 BCE).

After the Library of Celsus was built, an extensive drainage system and its constituent pipes needed to be inserted undemeath the gate. For this reason, the floor level was raised. The original floor level was only discovered during the excavations.

F. Hueber also directed the restorations of this gate in 1978-1988.