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Ephesus The Inscription museum

Ephesus The Inscription museum

After archaeologists had concluded the excavations on the east side of the Temple of Domitian , they moved the inscribed blocks found in Ephesus that had historical value there. More than 2000 inscriptions have been found already. They give us evidence of the decisions taken by the council of elders and the assembly of citizens, honors awarded , verdicts rendered, and commands issued by emperors and kings. On small part of this collection, which is indicative of the whole, has been set up in chronological order , and according to thematic content. Next to each, the original text and translations are displayed.

The oldest inscription found in Ephesus dates from the seventh century BCE. The fragments that remain of the first and second inscriptions cannot be deciphered. The letters are written one under the other, a typical feature of archaic inscriptions. On the fourth tablet is an inscription telling of a death penalty given for a religious offense. It says that the proegorae (the prosecutors in this trial) voted the death penalty for the 44 to 46 defendants. A group of holy ambassadors was on its way from Ephesus to Sardis either to bring or to pick up votive offerins. On the tablet identified as no. 11, which is from the fourth to third century BCE, the issue is common property; from this wall to the ceiling is the common property of Moskhion and Euleidus.”
Tablet no.13 is from 155 BCE, and has six inscriptions. King Attalos II in Pergamon had it made ; it informs the council of elders and assembly of citizens about the praise that a teacher from Ephesus had earned, when he gave instruction in the Pergamene palace.

Inscriptions 14 to 26 report the honors and distinctions of various citizens. Inscription 20 concerns the philosopher Titus Flavius Damianus. He gave the Roman army a donation of 200.000 medimne (a measure for foodstuffs) as it returned from the Partian wars (116-167CE); he built a new hall in the Varius Baths ; and ,from his personal funds, he donated 19,816 denarii for necessary work. For this, he received this statue from the merchants of agora.

On table no 27 are the measures that the prytaneis voted for the regulation of sacrifices. This inscription, which comes from the third century CE. Shows that the prytaneis had a highly-paid position.
We learn from inscription no 31 that the emperor Hadrian came to Ephesus in 128 CE from Athens, bearing the honorary title, “Zeus Olympios, the savior and ( symbolic ) founder of the city,emperor Caesar Traianus Hadrianus Augustos.”