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Ephesus the magnesian gate

Ephesus the magnesian gate

The Magnesian Gate, to the southeast of the city, was constructed in the third century BCE along with the city wall. The investigations around this gate, which are still in progress, have revealed that this gate was converted into a monumental gate with three entrances in the first century BCE .The street from the harbor led through the Magnesian Gate and, from here, toward the Ionian settlements to the south. At the same time, the Magnesian Gate also led to the Artemision; as a part of the sacred way, it carried great significance in all eras. The sacred way begins at the Temple of Artemis, and runs eastand north of Panayır Dağı to the Magnesian Gate, and from there ,diagonally through the city through the Koressos Gate and back to temple. Both the Magnesian Gate and the Koressos Gate connect with the harbor.

The royal highway began at the harbor and ran through the Koressos Gate and beyond that, through Sardis and Gordion to Susa. When the Roman Empire spread across Anatolia, the city defenses lost their importance . Not until the Arabic attacks in the early Christian era became a serious danger did the walls again move into prominence ,for reasons of security. For Ephesus, this marked the end of her days of glory. The population of the city had decreased. Thus, in the eight century of the Christian era(C E), the Ephesians built the new city wall, parts of which can still be seen today; it runs between the theater and the harbor on an east-west axis, excluding the Library of Celsus but enclosing the Vedius Gyymnasium.