7/24 Support +90 542 341 25 50

Ephesus The memmius monument

Ephesus The memmius monument

On the north end of Domitian Street, there is a monumental structure from the first century CE. The base is of stone, and the upper portion, of marble. With its four façades, it looks like a triumphal arch. The monument, which stood on a four-stepped platform, was approachable from any side.

On each side, there was a semircular niche; vaulting connected these four niches. Frieze blocks decorated with reliefs, most of which can no longer be found, stood above these niches. The supporting walls of the arches were also decorated. The figures that are portyared as soldiers are those of Memmius, his father Gaius, and his grandfather, Sulla the dictator. On the eastern corner of the monument , part of the architrave still remains, on which is engraved an inscription in Latin:Gaius, Memmius, the savior ,the son of Gaius, grandson of Cornelius Sulla. To the northwest of the monument is a fountain. It has a rectangular basin with three sections; four Corinthian columns rise above it. The middle part of the basin is larger. Water flowed out of the semi-circular protrusion in the back wall.

In the area north of the monument is a relief of Nike, shown in flight, with a wreath in her hand. This triangular architectural element belongs to the Gate of Herakles, at the beginning of Kouretes Street. The round monument now in the middle of the plaza was brought here in the fourth century CE from some other part of the city, and reassembled without any particular care. The relief on the outer circumference of the monument shows bucrania (bull heads) and garlands. To the left of the monument, a narrow street paved with slabs of marble leads to the south. Various types of shops and building once stood to the east of this street, on the side of the agora. The architectural elements in this area are components of these buildings.