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Ephesus The varius baths

Ephesus The varius baths

The first monumental structures across from the upper entrance to Ephesus are the thermal baths, known as the Varius Baths , from theRoman period. It is indicated on the city map. The excavation of the structure has not yet been completed. The architectural style indicates that the building belongs to the high Roman Empire and should date to the second century CE. In later periods , a few annexes were added to the structure.

Corresponding to the typical features of a Roman bath, it consist of a frigidarium (cold room), tepidarium (warm room), and a caliderium (hot room). South of these, dressing rooms paved with geometric mosaics have come to light. The latrine which one generally finds in such buildings is in the west end of the complex. The heating system, known as hypocaust , is cleary visible; it functioned as a sort of heated floor.
Some of the vaulting and supporting walls are constructed of stone in the lower courses, and of bricks in the upper.