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Ephesus Theater gymnasium

Ephesus Theater gymnasium

This, the largest gymnasium in Ephesus, is situated at the intersection of the marble road and the harbor Street (Arkadiane).

This is a gymnasium and bath complex, of which only the palaestra has been excavated thus far. The palaestra measures 70 by 30 meters. Colonnaded galleries border it on three sides. To the north, on the fourth side, rows of steps which face the main building provide a grandstand for the spectators. From here, they could observe the exercises on the palaestra. The entrance to the square-shaped main building also opened on the palaestra. The main building is symmetrical on a north-south axis. The frigidarium, tepidarium, and calldarium, along with the other rooms of the baths, connect with the palaestra on its south side. North of it, there were five library and conference rooms. The Central hail, which has an apse in its middle, is an imperial cult room.

The complex was built in the early Roman period, and was intended for the entertainment of the theater audiences, which explains its name, the “theater gymnasium.”