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Ephesus Lower Embolos and The Parthian Monument

Ephesus Lower Embolos and The Parthian Monument

The embolos is located where the marble road and Kouretes Street converge at the square in front of the Library of Celsus. According to Prof. D. Knibbe, this square was a sanctuary of Artemis. The sacred way, which began at the Temple of Artemis, led  along Panayır Dağı and on through Kouretes Street to this square. Before the marble road was paved, the sacred way extended through the Gate of Mazaeus and Mithridates, över the agora, to the stadium road, and on through the Koressos Gate back to the Temple of Artemis. We know that the sacred way crossed the road that led to Ortygia, the supposed biı thplace of Artemis, in front of the Library of Celsus. Prof. Knibbe suspects that, at such an important intersection as this, there must have been a monument for Artemis. Thus, the massive Parthian monument may have stood here. In a later period, during Byzantine times, decorated reliefs from this monument were set up at the fountain in front of the Library of Celsus; a great number of these pieces were later taken to Vienna. Three fragments of them are on display in the Ephesus Museum in Selçuk. The reliefs are similar to those from the Ahar of Zeus in Pergamon. Other archaeologists think that the Parthian monument was located elsewhere, either in the upper agora, or near the harbor; and here, there may have been a small monument containing a statue of Artemis.